What You Need to Know About Measles
What You Need to Know to Protect Yourself from the Measles
What is Measles?
Measles is a viral infection of the respiratory system because the virus can be transmitted by infected individuals when they sneeze or cough, this type of infection is highly contagious.
How is Measles Contracted
An infected patient can release the virus into the air by sneezing or coughing, the virus can survive on surfaces for several hours, therefore even if an individual was not present when the infected patient sneezed or coughed they can still become infected by touching an infected surface.
Drinking from the same glass or sharing eating utensils with an infected patient increased the risk of contagion.
Infected individuals are contagious from 4 days before the onset of the skin rash and up to 4 days after the appearance of the rash.
Keep a Lookout for Measles Symptoms
Symptoms of Measles
The incubation time for the virus is 14 days on average, although symptoms may manifest within 7-21 days.
Fever over 101°F
Sensitivity to light
White spots inside the mouth
Widespread skin rash
The skin rash is the most easily recognizable symptom of measles, the rash is widespread and appears as red itchy bumps, it usually starts in the head and slowly spreads to other parts of the body. The skin rash usually develops within 3-5 days of having been exposed to the virus and can last for up to 7 days.
Complications, Treatment & Prevention
Complications Associated with Measles
In all infections the risk of severe complications is always present. The complications associated with the measles include:
Encephalitis (inflammation of the brain)
Decrease in blood platelets
How to Treat Measles
There is no specific medication for the treatment of measles, symptoms usually disappear within two or three weeks, and doctors may prescribe the following course of treatment:
An over the counter pain medication usually containing acetaminophen like Tylenol, this will help relieve the patient’s fever and muscle aches.
Plenty of bed rest, this will help boost the immune system
Drink plenty of liquids, at least 6-8 glasses of water per day
Take a vitamin A supplement
Use a humidifier to help ease the patient’s cough and sore throat